Holidays - Mongolia

Destination Mongolia, a large and sparsely populated, landlocked country in eastern Asia south of Russia and north of China, east of Kazakhstan. The country is known as the "Land of the Eternal Blue Sky" and as the "Land of the Horse".

The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires for centuries. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, and his grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan dynasty.

The roughly oval in shaped country covers an area of 1,564,100 km², compared Mongolia is twice the size of Turkey or slightly smaller than Alaska.

Mongolia has a population of just over 3 million people (2016), making it one of the least densely populated countries in the world. 95% of the population are ethnic Mongols, Kazakh, Turkic peoples, Chinese and Russians make up the remaining population. Capital and and largest city is Ulaanbaatar (pop.: 1 million). Official language is Mongolian, a language written in Cyrillic and in the traditional Mongolian script.